2D and 3D Face Recognition

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Biometric recognition has attracted the attention of scientists, investors, government agencies as well as the media for the great potential in many application domains. Among the many developed techniques for biometric recognition, face analysis seems to be the most promising and interesting modality. This lecture will focus on the current state of the art in face recognition technology and its perspectives. The human visual system certainly provides a remarkable benchmark for face recognition, but also an inspiration for algorithmic design. The ability of the human visual system of analysing unknown faces, under different poses and to extract different personal features, is an example of the amount of information which can be extracted from face images. This is not limited to the space or spectral domain, but heavily involves the time evolution of the visual signal. Nonetheless, there are still many open problems which need to be "faced" as well. This not only requires to devise new algorithms but to determine the real potential and limitations of existing techniques, also exploiting the time dimension to boost recognition performances.

This lecture will review several methods for face analysis, based on diverse similarity measure and image representations, both in 2D and 3D. Some new methods are described, tested with conventional and also new databases from real environments.


Massimo Tistarelli was born on November 11, 1962 in Genoa, Italy. He received the Phd in Computer Science and Robotics in 1991 from the University of Genoa. He is Full Professor in Computer Science (with tenure) and director of the Computer Vision Laboratory at the University of Sassari, Italy.

Since 1986 he has been involved as project coordinator and task manager in several projects on computer vision and biometrics funded by the European Community. Since 1994 he has been the director of the Computer Vision Laboratory at the Department of Communication, Computer and Systems Science of the University of Genoa, and now at the University of Sassari, leading more than 20 National and European projects on computer vision applications and image-based biometrics. He is a founding member of the Biosecure Foundation, which includes all major European research centers working in biometrics. He was the Chair of the Management Committee of the European Union COST Action IC1106 "Integrating Biometrics and Forensics for the Digital Age". He is a member of the EU H2020 MSCA-RISE-2015 project 690907 "Computer Vision Enabled Multimedia Forensics and People Identification" (IDENTITY), focused on Multimedia Forensics and Biometrics.

His main research interests cover biological and artificial vision (particularly in the area of recognition, three-dimensional reconstruction and dynamic scene analysis), pattern recognition, biometrics, visual sensors, robotic navigation and visuo-motor coordination. He is co-author of more than 150 scientific papers in peer reviewed books, conferences and international journals. He is a well known researcher for his work on optical flow and dynamic scene analysis, biometrics, robot vision and anthropomorphic sensors. His research papers span from Pattern Recognition and Image Understanding to Medical Imaging, Machine Intelligence, Antropomorphic sensors, Ambient Intelligence and Cognitive Systems. He is the principal editor for the Springer book "Handbook of Remote Biometrics", published in June 2009 and for the book "Biometrics and Forensics", to be published by Springer in late 2016. He holds an international patent for an automatic biometric system based on face modality (Int.l Patent G06K9/62 EU Patent G06K9/00F3; G06K9/62C2S). He also firstly proposed a unique, advanced method for the integration of face and fingerprint modalities already at the feature level. In 1991 he was awarded the Best Paper award from IEEE Computer Society.

Prof. Tistarelli is one of the world-recognized leading researchers in the area of biometrics, especially in the field of face recognition and multimodal fusion. He is also reviewer for the strategic research projects of the European Commission, the Italian Ministry of the University and Scientific Research, the Greek Ministry of Research, the Australian Research Council and several other international funding agencies.

Prof. Tistarelli organized and chaired several world-recognized events in Biometrics. He was the General Chair of the 3rd and 8th IAPR Int.l Conference on Biometrics in 2009 and 2015. He was the chairman of the 5th IEEE AutoId conference, track chair at the 19th and 22nd ICPR, Area chair for CVPR 2010, Program co-chair for BTAS 2013 and member of the organizing committee for IJCB 2011, 2014, ICB 2012 and 2013, as well as for ECCV 2012 and ICPR 2012. He was chair of the IAPR Technical Committee 4 on Biometrics and he is a member of the Conference Committee of the IEEE Biometrics council.

Prof. Tistarelli is Associate Editor for the international journals IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Image and Vision Computing, Pattern Recognition Letters, IET Biometrics and Pattern Recognition. Since 2003 he is the founding director for the Int.l Summer School on Biometrics (now at the 14th edition - http://biometrics.uniss.it).

He is the Scientific Director of the Italian Platform for Biometric Technologies (established from the Italian Ministry of the University and Scientific Research), 1st vice-president of the IAPR, Member of the IEEE Biometrics Professional Certification Committee, Fellow member of IAPR and Senior member of IEEE.

Massimo Tistarelli

Massimo Tistarelli
University of Sassari, Italy